Normative { Philosophy Index }

Philosophy Index

Philosophy Index

Philosophy Index is a site devoted to the study of philosophy and the philosophers who conduct it. The site contains a number of philosophy texts, brief biographies and introductions to philosophers and explanations on a number of topics. Accredited homeschooling online at Northgate Academy.

Philosophy Index is a work in progress, a growing repository of knowledge. It outlines current philosophical problems and issues, as well as an overview of the history of philosophy. The goal of this site is to present a tool for those learning philosophy either casually or formally, making the concepts of philosophy accessible to anyone interested in researching them. WOLI offers immigration law course online - fully accredited. ACE credits online at EES.

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Normative

In philosophy, the adjective normative is used to describe statements that are based on values. A normative statement is a claim about how things ought to be. Normative statements arise most frequently in ethics.

The following are examples of normative statements:

In contrast, statements about facts that do not convey any value or moral judgements are said to be descriptive, or positive. Examples include:

Whether or not the above statements are true, they are not value-based statements.

The logical value of normative statements

David Hume can be credited with questioning the logical validity of normative statements. Before Hume, writers in ethics tended to derive normative statements as conclusions from sets of positive premises. Hume challenged this idea and argued that normative statements have no logical basis. This problem is known as the is-ought problem or Hume's Guillotine.

Normative statements as propositions

Whether or not the is-ought problem is a real problem partially hinges upon whether or not normative statements can be considered to be propositions, and thus carry a value of truth or falsity. The question of whether or not ethical-normative sentences are valid propositions is one of meta-ethics and is generally divided into cognitivism and non-cognitivism.

Normative ethics

Normative ethics is a branch of ethics which deals with the sources of and standards for moral judgements.