Substance Dualism { Philosophy Index }

Philosophy Index

Philosophy Index

Philosophy Index is a site devoted to the study of philosophy and the philosophers who conduct it. The site contains a number of philosophy texts, brief biographies, and introductions to philosophers, and explanations on a number of topics. Accredited homeschooling online at Northgate Academy and Philosophy online tutoring.

Philosophy Index is a work in progress, a growing repository of knowledge. It outlines current philosophical problems and issues, as well as an overview of the history of philosophy. The goal of this site is to present a tool for those learning philosophy either casually or formally, making the concepts of philosophy accessible to anyone interested in researching them. WTI offers immigration law course online - fully accredited. ACE credits online at EES.



Philosophy Topics




Substance Dualism

Substance Dualism is a variety of dualism in the philosophy of mind which states that two sorts of substances exist: the mental and the physical.

Substance dualism is a fundamentally ontological position: it states that the mental and the physical are separate substances with independant existence. Physical things are extended in space and do not possess any thought. Mental things have thought as their very essence, but do not have any extension in the physical world.

Substance dualism is a position favoured by various religions, because the distinct mind can easily by synonymous with the soul. Plato was similarly a substance dualist, believing that the soul inhabits the body temporarily, and otherwise exists in the infinite metaphysical realm of the forms (or rational knowledge).

Opposed to substance dualists (aside from monists) are property dualists, who argue that the mind emerges from the arrangement of the physical as a property of it. Property dualists also place an ontological distinction between mind and body, but deny that they are separate, independant substances.

See: mind-body problem